SPECIALIZED MUNICIPALITIES
  Definition
  According to Section 83 of the MGA, an area may be incorporated as a specialized municipality under one of the following three circumstances, subject to the satisfaction of the Minister of Municipal Affairs:
  • the other incorporated statuses do not meet the needs of its residents;
  • to form a local government that will provide for the orderly development of the area in a similar fashion to the other incorporated statuses; or
  • for any other circumstances that are deemed appropriate.
See Alberta’s Ministry of Municipal Affairs website for a further description of a specialized municipality.

  Quick facts
 
  • Alberta currently has five specialized municipalities.
  • The Municipality of Crowsnest Pass and the Municipality of Jasper are are predominantly urban in nature, while Mackenzie County is predominantly rural in nature.
  • Strathcona County and the Regional Municipality of Wood Buffalo both have signficant urban and rural components and are home to the urban service areas of Sherwood Park and Fort McMurray respectively.

URBAN SERVICE AREAS
  Definition

  A formal definition for urban service area has not been published on the Alberta Municipal Affairs website. However, the orders in council that designate urban service areas indicate that an urban service area is an area "recognized as equivalent to a city by the Government of Alberta for the purposes of program delivery and grant eligibility."

  Quick facts
 
  • Alberta currently has two specialized municipalities - Fort McMurray and Sherwood Park.
  • Fort McMurray was incorporated as a city prior to April 1, 1995 when it amalgamated with Improvement District No. 143 to form the Regional Municipality of Wood Buffalo.
  • Sherwood Park has always been an unincorporated community.


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